Open Science

I’ve been looking through the readings and lecture this week, which focus on talking about they way science transforms the media communication, and thus affecting on the audience. Basically, the science is the centre, which encloses all industries and government work together to redevelop and strengthen it. Initially, presenting the idea of scientific knowledge to the reality was until advent of printing, which demonstrated that distributing science knowledge is deeply tied with the medium (Wilbanks, 2013).

Nevertheless, in the present day, a digital way, in terms of open science to provide scientific knowledge is more prevalent and trendy than before. Because Web 2.0 as an scientifically innovative idea, meeting the society’s requirements for everything to become “faster” (SEED, 2011), which also has the potential to save the cost as well as time to printing. Also, the collective communication online also helps expand and accelerate scientific discovery and distribution of scientific knowledge. For example, the scientists could create a specific blogs for the Internet users to comment their science ideas when they have potential to undertake a science project. The results would be salient and faster, and the comment of the Internet users also can help find out the results of the projects. Scientific issues had already expanded in a global level with the help of Web 2.0, which means open science could potentially to solve unanswered problems or just increase the awareness of the public at least.

Otherwise, some scientists also mentioned that scientific paper actually are not appropriate to publish on open science level such as blogs, it could be though. Firstly, a paper on blog cannot offer a contextual senses rather than a book. And, when scientists who are criticised in a blogosphere they often would ask their critics to provide their viewpoints for peer-review. However, the point is the review cannot basically dismiss a critique; often it becomes to encourage the critics to make the critique. Unfortunately, technical commentary does not work well at social network such as blogs, and the Internet conversation often take personal-oriented desire which barely happens in a published physical science literature (Schmit, 2011).

There is also a case that the science reactions against the Chemical project blogs.

[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wJvJAt0RLMk]

Reference:

Wilbanks, 2013, The Scientific paper has long been the unit of scientific knowledge. Now, with print media lapsing into obsolescence , the Internet is poised to transform science publishing and science itself, SEED,

http://seedmagazine.com/content/article/on_science_publishing  (Last accessed on 14 May,2013)

Schmidt, Gavin (2011) ‘From Blog to Science’, RealClimate   http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2011/02/from-blog-to-science/  (Last accessed on 14 May,2013)

Nielsen, Michael, ‘Open science’, 2011
<http://michaelnielsen.org/blog/open-science-2/> (Last accessed on 14 May,2013)

Seed 2011, On Science Transfer, Seed Magazine, <http://seedmagazine.com/content/print/on_science_transfer>(Last accessed on 14 May,2013)

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Live in a new communities (Social Organisation)

It’s not hard to find that we both live and work in a new media era. As I mentioned in the last blog, “transversal is a line cuts across other lines, even across the entire fields, which brings those fields together in a new way or recreates those fields as something else” (Murphie, 2006). As media technologies connect with an increasing number of social fields around the world, transversality is the inevitable discipline that the new media should contact (Murphie, 2009). The forms of new media would connect with social culture, commerce and even politics. In this blog, I would argue that political issues are also embedded into transversal concerns.

Basically, Internet is built on a fundamentally hierarchical structure, which includes a top-down government control or dominated by the large monopoly organisation (2011). But recently,  we are witnessing the potential of a peer-to-peer networking become diminish the top-down structure of Internet control. Generally, P2P aims to reach an extension of the Open Source model to access more information and technology. It’s believed that a democratic society should be based on freely distributed and increasingly participated modes of information, which opposed to current mainstream of centralised controlled information system (Anon,  2010).  For my personal experience, the most astonishing thing of P2P information started with the corporate-government banishment of WikiLeaks last year. It’s reported that WikiLeaks published 1.7m US diplomatic records (2013).

“Micro-politics is a creation of techniques for collaboration, which involve experimentations and an openness to be experimental (Jellis, 2009)”, and thus micro-politics offers a decentralised point for a new mode of politics. Micro-politics refers as a group of people use their power to achieve a sustainable goal. For example, We the People is launched by American White House, which aims to give all Americans a way to engage with their government on the issues that matters to them. Moreover, the 3Cs techniques used by Micro-politics, which keep everything more transparent than before, and prevalently use in the world to scrutinise the government . The photo below pictured that the differences between people attend the election of pontiff in Vatican.

Image

(NBC NEWS, 2013)

For instance, people could post the unfair judgement in relation to the politics on any social networks. It’s a effective way to distribute information like virus. The new media technologies allow every single person engaged into politics issues to protect their rights. Recently, hundreds of people have rallied in the Chinese city of Kunming to protest at plans for a factory producing a toxic chemical in a  textile industry. Moreover, most of people post images or texts via Weibo to encourage more people engage in the protest and protect their rights.Also, the social network service is also a platform for the Government to figure out residential’s reaction with their social plans.

Image

(BBC NEWS, 2013)

Blow is a link, which introduced how We the People works.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=MdcotOjqnVI

Reference

Anon, 2010, ‘Elinor Ostrom’, p2p foundation, 

http://p2pfoundation.net/Elinor_Ostrom (Last accessed on 8 May, 2013)

Murphie, A 2006, ‘Editorial’, Fibre Culture Journal, vol. 9, accessed 8 May 2013,

<http://nine.fibreculturejournal.org/>

Murphie, A.,(Edited) 2009, General issues, The Fiberculture Journal, 

http://nine.fibreculturejournal.org/ (Last accessed on 8 May, 2013)

WikiLeaks Publishes 1.7m US Diplomatic Records, 2013, Guardian UK,

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2013/apr/08/wikileaks-publishes-us-diplomatic-records (Last accessed on 8 May, 2013)

Jellis, Thomas, 2009, ‘Disorientation and micropolitics: a response’, spacesof[aesthetic]experimentation,

http://www.spacesofexperimentation.net/montreal/disorientation-and-micropolitics-a-response/ (Last accessed on 8 May, 2013)

Rushkoff, D., 2011, The evolution will be socialised, Shareable,

http://www.shareable.net/blog/the-evolution-will-be-socialized (Last accessed on 8 May, 2013)